Current methods of wound closure are inconvenient for internal use, especially in laparoscopy and minimally invasive surgeries, leaving an unmet need in surgeons’ toolbox –. Although sutures have high tensile strength , , they are prone to infection and their repeated punctures damage surrounding tissues , . Further, sutures are time-consuming and complicated to apply to difficult-to-access areas of the body , . While some adhesives based on natural polymers are approved for medical use, they are limited by their low adhesion strength, complex preparation procedures, and unfavourable adverse events such as possible disease transmission and thrombosis , , , . Additionally, most of these internal adhesives are only used in very specific surgical procedures for which they are exclusively suited , .